The following are two narrations from Ibn Taymiyah who claimed to be a 12th century Muslim scholar, theologian and logician. 

His first narration preaches the culture of waseela or seeking an intermediary in the worship of Allah, which means,  using a middle person to gain closeness to Allah.  Any sincere Muslim or submitter would know that this culture amounts to shirk and is totally forbidden in the Noble Quran. 

Both the first and second narrations promote concepts and stories that are flatly forbidden (Haram) in the Noble Quran.  This is a glaring evidence of the extent of misguidance into which Ibn Taymiyyah had fallen and only Allah knows how many people this dangerous and sinful man has already misguided. 

Quoting two narrations of Ibn Taymiyyah:

(1)  Hafidhh Ibn Taymiyyah writes: When Adam (Alay hissalaam) made a mistake, he made Du'a like this: ' O Allah forgive my mistake with the Waseela of Muhammad, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace).Allah asked the Prophet Adam peace be upon him, (rhetorically) how he knew about Muhammad, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace)

Adam, peace be upon him, answered “when you created me, I lifted my head and saw: (LA ILA HA ILLALLAHU MUHAMMDUR RASU LULLAH) written on the throne. Therefore I knew that this person must be of a very high status. Other wise you would not have written his name with yours. Allah Ta'ala then said I have forgiven you. He will be the last Messenger in your children and I have created you because of him.

(2)  The second narration is when Allah Ta'ala created the Sky, and the Earth. He wrote our Prophet Muhammad's, (May Allah bless him and grant him peace) name on the pillars of the throne and on the doors of paradise, and on the leafs of the trees in Paradise. It was written that Muhammad (My Allah bless him and grant him peace) would be the last Prophet. In addition to both of these narrations, are counter proofs for one another. They have the status as authentic narrations.

["Fatawa Ibn Taymiyya vol. 2 page 150" also Tareekh Ibn Kathir in Story of Adam]

And now, let us quote the Quranic verses which prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that Ibn Taymiyyah's narrations which have been upheld by the writings of Ibn Kathir are sinfully false and must be completely rejected immediately. 

"Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth; and ye have not, beside Allah, any guardian or helper?"  (2:107) Al-Baqra. ['Wali' = patron].

"Surely pure religion is for Allah only. And those who choose protecting friends beside Him (say): We worship them only that they may bring us near unto Allah. Lo! Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Lo! Allah guideth not him who is a liar, an ingrate."  (39:3)  Az-Zumar.

"Do the disbelievers reckon that they can choose My bondmen as protecting friends beside Me? Lo! We have prepared hell as a welcome for the disbelievers."  (18:102) Al-Kahf.

"Thee (alone) we worship; Thee (alone) we ask for help."  (1:5)  Al-Fatiha.

"And your Lord hath said: Pray unto Me and I will hear your prayer." (40:60)  Al-Mumin.

"And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he crieth unto Me. So let them hear My call and let them trust in Me, in order that they may be led aright."  (2:186)  Al-Baqra.

"We verily created man and We know what his soul whispereth to him, and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein."  (50:16)  Qaf.

"Lo! This is a Reminder. Let him who will, then, choose a way unto his Lord." (73:19) Al-Muzzamil.

"Lo! Allah forgiveth not that a partner should be ascribed unto Him. He forgiveth (all) save that to whom He will. Whoso ascribeth partners to Allah, he hath indeed invented a tremendous sin."  (4:48) An-Nissa.

All of the  above verses prove without the need for any arguments that the idea of an intermediary or waseela or a middle-man to get close to Allah is a gross violation and shirk NOT accepted by Allah.  Allah is equally accessible to all His slaves, rich man or poor man, male of female.  The only requirement to get close to Allah is the person's own heart which should be sincere and humble with the desire to seek true guidance.  True guidance can be acquired only by reading and reflecting rationally without bias on the Message of the Noble Quran.  Thus, the ONLY way to acquire closeness to Allah is through the Quran.  

Furthermore ....

Allah is the All-Knowing.  None except HIM know the unseen.  That is the way it will be forever.  This point also does not need a debate. 

Allah states in His Noble Final Message:

"Say (O Muhammad): None in the heavens and the earth knoweth the Unseen save Allah; and they know not when they will be raised (again)."  (27:65)  An-Naml.

"And with Him are the keys of the Invisible. None but He knoweth them. And He knoweth what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falleth but He knoweth it, not a grain amid the darkness of the earth, naught of wet or dry but (it is noted) in a clear record."  (6:59) Al-An'am. 

Allah knows everything and He is All-Powerful.  Other than Him, NO one knows the unseen as confirmed in many Verses including V.27:65 as you quoted.  Allah knows all of what existed before the creation of earth and the universe, and he knows when the earth and universe will be destroyed, he knows what will happen after that and he knows everything of what's happening in this earth from the day He created it until the Last Day.  If Adam had secretly acquired some information which belonged to the domain of Allah only, it would be IMPOSSIBLE to do that without the immediate knowledge of Allah.  Nothing remains hidden from Allah, not even for a second.   Allah would know it instantaneously .. just the way He knew straight off when Adam and his wife ate from the forbidden tree.  Needless to state, this narration is one hundred percent false and illogical.   Even the mere idea of such a notion is NOT contained in the Quran nor is it compatible with Quranic values. 

The second narration is equally false.  Closeness to Allah is to be acquired directly on the basis of our iman, sincere love for Allah and good deeds.  We don't need anyone to bring us close to Allah .. not even the Prophets.   We can certainly pray for the welfare of each other just as we pray for the well being of ourselves.  Similarly the contemporaries of the Prophet (pbuh) could request him to pray for their well-being.  That's a very different matter.  But NO one is permitted to acquire a go-between for prayers to Allah on their behalf.  Why hasn't anyone as yet asked Ibn Taymiyyah the simple question that how did he know the name of Prophet Muhammad was written on the throne, doors and leafs of Paradise?  Allah does not say this in the Quran.  None of the Prophets knew the unseen.  There is no information significant enough for the world to know which Allah would only disclose to the Prophet and not to the rest of humanity through the Noble Quran.   Thus, Allah warns us NOT to accept anything of which we have no knowledge or for which He hasn't given us any warrant. 

"(O man), follow not that whereof thou hast no knowledge. Lo! the hearing and the sight and the heart - of each of these it will be asked."  (17:36)  Al-Isra or Bani Israeel.

So how did Ibn Taymiyyah know it, if not through his love for gossipy falsehood invoking shirk or his problem of hallucinations because of an unstable mind?

Ibn Taymiyyah was fully trapped inside the guile and temptations of Satan the outcast.  Beware of the writings of the so-called "sheikh-ul-Islam," all of which are in urgent need of being dumped into the garbage.   

Sheikh-ul-Shaitaan, Ibn Taymiyyah 

By Sister Muslima and Sister Heba E. - contributors at Muslim Villa.