"and say: 'My Rabb! Increase me in knowledge.' " (20:114) Noble Quran.
No one thinks of this era of history any longer. Many don't even know it ever existed. The truth is, without the contributions provided by these great men which later served as an indispensable foundation with plenty of guidelines in the field of scientific knowledge, modern science and medicine as we see it today would have been at least a century behind.
Enjoy just a small portion of our vast and glorious history.
Twelve hundred years ago, a young, wealthy and well educated woman named Fatima al-Fihri (also known as Al-Fihriyya) inherited a big fortune from her businessman father. Her interest was neither in shoes or handbags, nor in the lifestyle of the rich and famous. Fatima lived to make life for her community better and was a woman of vision. Her vision did not remain a dream but was accomplished and the results can be seen until today. In 859 CE, Fatima Al-Fihri founded the oldest academic degree-granting university existing today, the University of Al-Qarawiyyin in Fez, Morocco. Fatima Al-Fihri is an example of the empowerment and encouragement Islam gives to women. The Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque is one of the largest mosques in North Africa and the oldest university in the world. Al-Qarawiyyin is the perfect example of how Islam combines the spiritual with education and that Islam is not separate from life's affairs.
ṣūr al-Ḥasan ibn Nūḥ al-Qumrī who was the teacher of Ibn Sina.
A piece of art depicting one of the workplaces of Haytham al-Hazen.
Arround the year 1000 Ibn al- haytham proved that humans see objects by light reflecting off of them and entering the eyes, dismissing Euclid and ptolemy’s theories that light was emitted from the eyes itself. This great Muslim physicist also discovered the camera obscura and phenomenon,which explains how the eyes sees images upright due to the connection between the optics nerve and the brain .
13th century medical instruments from 'Kitab al-Tasrif' by the 10th century Andalucian doctor Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi.
Nasir al-Din Tusi (نصیر الدین طوسی) was a Persian polymath. Born 1201 in Tus (Khorasan) and died 1274 in Baghdad. He was an architect, a mathematician, a biologist and a physicist. The Muslim academic, Ibn Khalidun (1332–1406), considered Nasir al-Din Tusi as one of the best Persian scientists.