How does the Geneva deal prohibit Iran from building nuclear weapons? Iran has been strictly forbidden to enrich uranium beyond 5% purity. It's 20% enriched uranium that remains would either be diluted or converted to uranium oxide which is presently impossible to be re-converted to uranium hexafluoride necessary for weapon-grade production. To ensure Iran's inability to re-convert oxide into uranium, the Geneva accord also disallows Iran to build a plant for converting uranium oxide back to uranium hexafluoride essential for military use.
The Geneva deal prohibits Iran to increase its stockpile beyond 3.5% enriched uranium. Any excess that is produced within the next six months of this agreement with either have to be diluted or converted to uranium oxide.
Iran has been ordered to limit its enrichment capacity. Consequently it's not allowed to build any further centrifuges.
All work for processing heavy water will be suspended at the Arak reactor. Iran is not even allowed to put any fuel in the Arak reactor to make it work.
So, does this deal recognize Iran's right for enrichment as is being bragged by senior Iranian officials? If the 'right for enrichment' refers to using uranium only in civilian and commercial sectors for producing plain energy, then Iran has the right to enrich it with the small quantity of 5% enriched uranium as its maximum limit which is good for nothing else but ordinary commercial use. So, next time if Hassan Rouhani boasts around with his deceptive smile claiming that the Western powers have not curbed Iran's right to enrichment, well, then this is precisely what the liar means.
Does it shatter Iran's dream of becoming a future nuclear power? Absolutely YES.
Can Iran secretly dodge the brutal conditions of the Geneva agreement? Certainly not. It will be mandatory for Iran to periodically allow intrusive inspections by foreign experts.
And the long-term dream of Western powers? They are hoping that easing of sanctions will lead to an economic boom in Iran and the popularity of those known as "moderates" will spike, making the Iranian military weak and helpless. One doesn't need to be a genius to read that this project is an ideal plan for the revival of the Pahlavi era.
That's the simple fact without beating around the bush, trumpeting inconclusive and face-saving non-statements as is widely being done by Press TV and its likes. All that grandiloquence buzzing from dozens of egoistical corners to the affect that 'Iran has emerged victorious in this deal' have done nothing to preserve her sovereignty. It's much like a whore exulting in her whoredom.
With so many stiff and destructive conditions up its sleeves, any surprise why the West could barely contain its glee when Hassan Rouhani won the polls through obvious gerrymandering (of sorts) by the adherents of Qom?